Golden Retriever Growth Stages
While charts are helpful for tracking your dogs growth, pure numbers may not allow you to visualize what to expect from your dog at any given point in their development.
To that end, we put together a brief look at various stages of your dogs growth. This will prepare you for what to expect at that phase of development, so there wont be any surprises and youll know if something is wrong.
Miniature Golden Retrievers Stay Small
The question do Mini Golden Retrievers stay small is best answered by what you think small is. Mini Golden Retrievers are smaller than your standard Golden Retriever by three to seven inches. They will also weigh between 10 to 30 pounds less.
When fully grown Mini Golden Retrievers will be no more than 14 to 18 inches and 20 to 45 pounds. Compared to the Golden Retriever they do stay small.
Their size can vary based on who their parents are.
For example, the Golden Retriever Cocker Spaniel mix tends to be bigger than the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel mix. A Mini Golden Cavalier can weigh just 15 to 30 pounds and will stay small.
If you are expecting a tiny dog like a Yorkshire Terrier, then this dog is not small in comparison. The mini in their name does not mean that they will be a Toy breed.
Puppies can weigh 2 to 5 pounds and then grow to reach 20 to 45 pounds by their second birthday. They will not stay tiny like Toy breeds that are no more than 15 pounds when fully grown.
If Youre A Couch Potato Then This Dog Is Not For You
Golden Retrievers have high energy levels and they need to burn this energy off. Give your dog one or two hours of exercise every day otherwise shell mess up your home. Theres plenty of activities you can do, as Goldens are great companions for walking, running, playing in the park, swimming, and even hiking.
Besides running, Golden Retrievers need mental stimulation to thrive. You can teach her obedience training by yourself, as these dogs are known to be among the most obedient breeds. Other stimulating activities where Golden Retrievers register great results are canine freestyle and agility training.
Golden Retrievers were bred to work, so they need to be active to stay happy. Furthermore, the lack of exercise will generate a series of medical problems, including obesity and other related issues, such as heart disease, high blood pressure, diabetes, or problems with ligaments and tendons.
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Field Bred Golden Retrievers
Field golden retrievers embody what golden retrievers were originally bred to do: hunt.
Field bred goldens are on the smaller end of the spectrum as far as how big goldens get, theyre athletic, and theyre typically more driven than other styles of goldens.
Their coats are usually shorter and range from gold to red, and they have tons of energy.
They excel at hunting and agility, and make great family pets, as long as theyre trained properly and have a job to do.
They also may be rather mouthy, considering theyre bred to retrieve things with their mouth.
To be clear, field goldens are golden retrievers, theyre just a particular style of golden.
The opposite of field bred golden retrievers are conformation, or show golden retrievers
Types Of Golden Retrievers
Believe it or not, there are three different types of Golden Retrievers which range based on fur color and breed type. Fur can range from golden, light golden, and dark golden. The three types this breed comes in include American, Canadian, and English.
So, how do you tell the difference between the types? An American Golden Retriever will look like your average Golden Retriever with a thin body and golden to dark golden coat. On the other hand, a Canadian Golden Retriever will have a thinner coat compared to the American version, although they will usually have the same fur color. An English Golden Retriever is a bit stockier compared to the other two and their coat tends to be very light in color.
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The Golden Retriever Guide: Food Personality Exercise And More
Year after year, the golden retriever ranks among the top three most popular dog breeds in the U.S. and its not exactly hard to figure out why. Known for their friendly and people-loving personalities, goldens are as famous for being the perfect family pet as they are for their picture-perfect looks.
The typical golden is SO friendly, SO easygoing, and SO adorable that they can give the impression that theyre a low-maintenance dog. But, like any breed, they demand ample mental stimulation, exercise, and training. Goldens can be pretty chill compared to some breeds but most wont be content to laze the day away on the couch.
Read on to learn the basics about golden retrievers and golden retriever mixes, and insight from owners and experts to help you live the happiest possible life with this sunny companion.
Basic golden retriever breed facts
Golden retrievers are medium-to-large sized, sturdy, and muscular in build but with broad heads, short ears, and friendly, intelligent eyes. What really makes these dogs stand out, however, is that lustrous golden coat.
As the name suggests, golden retrievers always have a golden coat, though it can range in color from a light cream-colored gold to a dark reddish gold . Dogs of this breed often exhibit a thick ruff around the neck along with feathering on the legs, stomach, and tail. Some goldens have slightly wavy fur while others have completely straight coats.
Typical golden personality profile
Youll Have To Hide Your Shoes Because Goldens Love To Chew
These dogs like to carry things and, often when theyre bored, will start moving your stuff around the house. Theyre famous for their chewing habits so provide her with resistant toys, specially made for heavy chewers, and dont let her get too bored during the day.
Lock up your shoes, telephones, remote controls, games, kitchen utensils, clothes, and small pillows, or theyll meet a very messy end. Also, move your garbage can inside a cabinet or in a place your dog cant access.
She should never go through your dinner leftovers as eating human food can harm Golden Retrievers. For safety reasons, hide all electric cables before bringing your puppy or new dog home.
The crate is a good way to keep your dog away from temptations when youre not around. This way shell be in a safe place and you wont have to worry about the Nintendo youve forgotten on the sofa before going to bed.
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Four Week Old Baby Golden Retriever
Once Golden Retriever puppies have reached this age, their baby teeth will be fully formed, and they can begin to be weaned off their mother.
This is a huge step. Puppies need to be fully weaned and no longer dependent on their mother before they can be moved into new homes.
At this early stage, the puppies will eat some solid food. However, they will still receive a significant portion of their nutritional needs from their mothers milk. As the weeks continue, their diet will slowly transition to fully solid food.
Another small development is that the puppies will now be able to urinate and defecate without their mothers assistance.
Nutrition Of The Golden Retriever
Despite its athletic and active character, the Golden Retriever is prone to overweight and obesity. Since obesity is known to be poison for the joints and health, you should pay attention to a balanced diet for your dog. As this breed is considered to be particularly greedy, you must make it clear to your puppy that begging and unwanted foraging in the fields are absolutely taboo. Training snacks and treats should always be deducted from the daily ration.
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What Are The Three Types Of Golden Retrievers
The three different types of golden retrievers are the American golden retriever, the Canadian golden retriever, and the British or English golden retriever. Although they have subtle differences, each of these three types of goldens has a similar personality and will behave in the same way. Keep in mind that these are only varieties within a single golden retriever breed.
Modern Day Golden Retrievers
The first appearance of the Golden Retriever in Britain was at a dog show in 1908, and it became a recognized breed in Britain around 1913.
The Retriever appeared in the US by way of Canada around the same time as it became popular in Europe. But America didnt adopt the breed standards until 1925.
In the 1970s, President Ford brought the breed into the limelight, and families around the world fell in love with the sweet look of a Golden Retriever. People quickly fell in love with the Golden Retriever and it became the essence of the perfect American family pet.
Today, Golden Retrievers are still used as hunting companions. But they are more often found as loyal and friendly family companions. This gentle breed loves to be part of a large pack and is one of the best breeds to have around small children.
Golden Retrievers have also become a favorite breed to train as service animals for people with visual or hearing impairments. They are also excellent therapy and emotional support dogs.
And due to their size and stamina, Golden Retrievers are also often trained to be search and rescue dogs to assist with water rescues. They can also be used to track missing persons and help with natural disasters or mass casualties.
There really isnt anything these dogs cant do! Except for acting as a watchdog, perhaps. Their friendly demeanor means theyre more likely to lick an intruder to death after barking a few times rather than guard your home.
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Caring For A Golden Retriever
Golden Retrievers are known for their thick, lustrous golden coats, which are water-repellent. The golden color of their fur can range from light to dark. They have a double coat, which means that they have a thick undercoat of short hair covered by a layer of longer hair. Due to this double coat, Golden Retrievers shed a lot. They also tend to develop matted hair behind their ears and on their hind limbs. Consequently, Golden Retrievers require a lot of groomingeither at home or by a professional groomerto keep their coats healthy.
Golden Retrievers have a moderate amount of energy, even in their senior years. They enjoy a wide variety of activities such as running, going on long walks, retrieving, and swimming. They make excellent therapy dogs and guide dogs for people with impaired vision.
Eight Week Old Baby Golden Retriever
After all those weeks of fast development, the puppies have transformed into independent little dogs that are ready to be homed!
An average weight for this breed at 8 weeks old is around 10-11 pounds.
They will be fully weaned, have basic potty and crate training, and have experienced a good amount of socialization.
The training process is far from over, though! The new owners will need to keep training and socializing them so that they mature into well-behaved adults.
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How Much Do Golden Retriever Puppies Need To Eat Per Day
Retriever puppies usually need to eat about three times per day to ensure they get enough vitamins and nutrients for their body. Each meal should feature about 1 ½ cups of food, although this can vary depending on the type of food you plan to give them.
Keep in mind that because these dogs love to eat, it could end up leading to obesity. This could end up causing health problems down the road, such as heart disease and painful joints. Because of this, its important to talk things over with your vet to ensure your puppy isnt getting too much or too little food.
Differences Between The American And The English Golden Retriever
Besides coat color, there are a few other differences between the American and English Golden Retrievers. Cream Retrievers have a slimmer body with sleeker fur that doesnt have as much poof as the American Retriever. But they have the same personality.
There is a notable size difference between male and female English Retrievers compared to different genders of the American Golden Retriever. Cream Retrievers are often a bit shorter than their American relatives.
Other different physical features include the face, ears, and tail. The eyes of a cream Retriever are usually rounder than American Retrievers and darker shades.
The head of an English Retriever is usually broader, with a chiseled, wide, deep muzzle. With cream Retrievers, the ears set forward on the head more than American Retrievers.
They have a level back and tail. English Retrievers also usually have a stockier build, with broader heads and longer necks.
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The Trifecta Of Retrievers
Did you know there are three types of golden retrievers? Thereâs the British golden retriever, the American golden retriever and the Canadian golden retriever. The difference? In a nutshell, the British and American types have different-looking muzzles and the American golden retriever is darker and taller â although not as tall as the Canadian golden retriever which is also thinner and has an even darker coat.
Bathing: Step By Step
Bathing your dog is less complicated than you think. If you want to give your Golden Retriever the perfect bath, follow these steps:
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How Much Does A Golden Retriever Need Grooming
Golden Retrievers need brushing weekly, at the very least. If they shed, they should be brushed every day. Shedding seasons generally occur in the spring and fall. Be especially attentive to your brushing during those times.
Unless your dog gets dirty, bathe it every month. Excess hair should be cleaned every week. Nails should be trimmed every six weeks. Teeth should be brushed every few days or every other day.
When Do Golden Retrievers Stop Growing
Goldens reach their full height between 9 and 12 months old. Females tend to get there faster, but males will be taller in the end.
Theyll keep on adding weight until theyre at least 18 months old, so dont be alarmed if your dog looks a little thin.
Once they start to fill out, its time to switch them from calorie-dense puppy kibble to a high-protein adult food. You may also need to cut back on the amount that you feed them.
Many Goldens dont mature mentally until theyre 2-3 years old. It depends on the individual dog, but females generally reach maturity first.
Its important to understand, though, that many Golden Retrievers never fully grow out of their puppy-like behavior. Theyll still want to play and roughhouse well into their senior years. Even those dogs can be trained to behave politely, though, so dont let their youthfulness serve as an excuse for misbehavior.
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Controversies With Mini Golden Retrievers
Some animal protection groups reject the breed of Mini Golden Retrievers. They claim the breeding process to obtain a small-sized retriever is unethical.
They claim that females are forced to have countless births, and the breeders dont care about the conditions these animals live in. They argue that Mini Golden Retrievers are sold as an accessory and that the health and happiness of the dogs are not being considered.
In actuality there is some truth to this as there are many breeders that are only in the business for the money. However, there are many breeders who love animals and only breed ethically. It is up to us to only choose those reputable breedersor you can adopt!
Golden Retrievers And Children
If you have a young family then Golden Retrievers can be fantastic with children. If socialised properly from a young age, Retrievers can be quite calm and tolerant. While they usually have a great temperament, its best to always supervise your dog with children.
As puppies, its normal for Retrievers to be mouthy, which means they have a tendency to nip and play bite. This is especially true when theyre teething. Although they dont mean this in an aggressive way, its best to use positive training techniques to let them know that biting you can be sore and isnt a fun game. That way, when theyre adults theyll know this isnt a good way to play with humans or other dogs.
Always supervise children and vulnerable adults with your Golden Retriever and make sure you can recognise the signs of unhappiness or anxiety in your dog to help avoid any conflicts. As with every breed, you should always teach children how to approach and play with dogs with care and kindness, to prevent any issues.
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